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OverviewEdit

The World Wide Web was created by Tim Berners-Lee as  a way for people to share documents around the world.  The World Wide Wide is much different today than it was when it was first created.  Currently, the World Wide Web that we are most familiar with links one page of data with another page of data. In the future, the hope is that the World Wide Web will actually link data on a page with data on other pages. There is a need for machines to interpret information with the same speed and accuracy as humans. Although there is disagreement on the best way to achieve this, mostly all agree on the need for "smarter" computers. Web 3.0 is the next step in the evolution of the internet and embodies the distinct characteristics of an "intelligent Internet". The new "intelligent Internet" will create a better user experience by getting to know user's patterns. This allows for an extreme user experience that is completely molded by and for the user. [1] While Web 3.0 holds the potential to create a better user experience critics say that the new standard will destroy any privacy  users once had on the internet. It is important to understand that Web 3.0 is not a "new" Web, rather, an improvement on the already existing Web.  It refers to a change in technique, not a specific techonoligical advancement.  Web 3.0 refers to increasing computer intelligence and training computers to act more like people.  The terms "Semantic Web " and "Web 3.0" are often used interchangably.

History of the World Wide WebEdit

The World Wide Web was created by Tim Berners-Lee in Geneva, Switzerland. It was released in December 1990 and consisted of one website and one browser on the same machine (Long Live the Web - Scientific American). It is based on a simple concept that anyone can share information with anyone no matter where the two are located, what kind of Internet connection they have, language they speak, or operating system they use. (Long Live the Web - Scientific American). The World Wide Web is decentralized meaning that not one single person is in charge of it. To add a document to the World Wide Web certain protocols must be followed: the document must be in HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) and conform to URL (Uniform Resource Locator) and HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) standards . Unique URLs link documents together in a web of data, no matter the type or origin. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) works to establish and update World Wide Web standards.

Web 1.0Edit

Web 1.0 is the first generation of the World Wide Web. Web 1.0 pages are static webpages that users cannot edit or interact with in any way. They are meant to relay information but not receive any feedback.  Web 1.0 applications are not open source; users can download the application but they are not allowed to view or modify how it works.   Typically, once a page is made using Web 1.0 techiniques, that page will never change.  The site will always remain the same and a user would have no desire to return to the site.  There are is no interaction between a user and a web page.

What is a Web 1.0 application?Edit

Many webpages today are still Web 1.0 pages. A company can use Web 1.0 techniques if they want to relay information to an audience but they do not want the audience to respond at all.  

Netscape Navigator is a Web 1.0 browser.[2]

Events:Edit

When the World Wide Web first became popular there were many web companies that were developing. Investors began investing in these companies. However, many of the companies were not profitable and quickly lost their investments. This is referred to as the dot-come bubble burst.[3]

Web 2.0Edit

The term Web 2.0 is highly debated although it has become widely accepted. There is not a single event or feature that marks the advance of the World Wide Web into Web 2.0. Web 2.0 describes the techniques used in designing Web Pages and using the World Wide Web. Dale Dougherty of O'Reilly Media is the person credited with the term "Web 2.0". Tim O'Reilly was the first person to attempt to officially define it. He said that the features of Web 2.0 are social networking, blogs and micro-blogs, and sites that allow users to contribute and share content.[4] Basically, Web 2.0 is about users sharing content.  Sharing and collaboration are the basic foundations of Web 2.0 (PC Magazine). Unlike Web 1.0, Web 2.0 is open source - it provides the source code to users. This means that users can change how the program behaves or build completely new programs based on older applications.  The creator of a Web 2.0 page can openly update a the page to contain content that the creator desires.  

What are some examples of a Web 2.0 application?Edit
  • Blog sites such as Twitter
  • Social networking such as Facebook
  • Wikis such as Wikipedia
  • YouTube
  • Firefox is Web 2.0 browser

    Web 3.0

    The World Wide Web was intended not only for human to human interaction but also computer to computer interaction.  Up until recently, the focus has been on human interaction. Web pages have been built with the main focus on being aesthetically pleasing for a user.  The focus of Web 3.0 will shift towards computer intelligence.  Computers are able to collect data in a way that humans can then analyze.  The hope is that computers will be able to collect more information that will be used for personalization in future applications.  The basic idea is that machines will process and interpret information independent of human interference. The future web will be like having a personal assistant that knows your preferences and activities. This assistant keeps track of past activities and uses that knowledge in creating future events. It is important to understand that Web 3.0 is not a new World Wide Web; it is simply building on top of the existing Web.  By collecting and adding data, a  web of data will begin to form.  This web of data, or "global database", is referred to as the Semantic Web.   

    Issues with Web 3.0Edit

    In Web 3.0 there are agents that automatically collect user data.  Therefore, a search of the web may produce information based on past data and put the user in a Filter Bubble.  This means that they might not see pages that are really unusual from their daily searches.  Computerized agents will help a user search the web and the information will be constructed into a graph.  There are also applications that can merge graphs and define relationships between objects.  With so much information freely available there is a major concern for privacy.  Every time a user browses the web there is data that is being collected by a computer about the user and the sites that they visit.  Past searches will be incorporated into current searches.  The personality associated with the user's habits is called an  avatar.  There are tools available to block data collection but complete anonymity is near impossible.  There are many aspects that go into making the future Web more beneficial to users.  

    What is a Web 3.0 application?Edit

    An RSS feed is an example of a Web 3.0 application.

    ReferencesEdit

    Berners-Lee, T. (2010). LONG LIVE THE WEB. Scientific American, 303(6), 80-85.

    1. http://computer.howstuffworks.com/semantic-web.htm
    2. http://computer.howstufforks.com/web-10.htm
    3. http://computer.howstufforks.com/web-10.htm
    4. http://computer.howstufforks.com/web-10.htm

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